Crane Hazards and Their Prevention contains requirements from ANSI and OSHA, as well as those from other sources, such as military specifications (MIL), Society of Automotive Engineers ( SAE Recommended Practices ), National Safety Council (NSC) publications, and the Army Corps of Engineers ( Safety and Health Requirements Manual ). There is also updated data for injury and fatality incidents from the Hazard Information Foundation, Inc., as well as the U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA).
Updated materials include:
• How range-limiting devices can help crane operators avoid powerline contacts.
• How load moment indicators (LMIs) can reduce the occurrence of crane upset from overloads.
• How some rough-terrain mobile hydraulic cranes, logging tongs and flatbed trucks that have hydraulic cranes mounted on them can contribute to upsets due to overloads.
• How the use of CAD software can make lift simulations easier and less hazardous.
• How technology (such as infrared detectors and closed circuit TV) can prevent injury from pinch points and nip points.
• How the active participation of top management can prevent accident, injuries and fatalities by ensuring crane safety.
Also added is a discussion of the Report of the Hazard Information Foundation, Inc. (HIFI) in March 2004, entitled “Safety Interventions to Control Hazards Related to Powerline Contacts by Mobile Cranes and Other Boomed Equipment.”
Author: David V. MacCollum
Publisher: American Society of Safety Engineers
About the Author
David V. MacCollum, P.E., CSP, is a Fellow and past president of the American Society of Safety Professionals. He was the safety director for the U.S. Army Strategic Communications Command and also was appointed to the first U.S. Secretary of Labor's Construction Safety Committee under the Construction Safety Act. David MacCollum has devoted more than 50 years to conduction investigations, making analyses, and researching engineering improvements.
Table of Contents
1. Crane ""Accident"" Causes
2. Hazard Prevention Concepts
3. Crane Types
4. Powerline Contact
7. Operator's Station
9. Pinch Points and Nip Points
12. Cable and Sheave Damage
13. Load Loss
14. Boom Failures and Disassembly
17. Turntable Undocking and Boom Hinge Pin Assembly Failure
18. Tower Cranes
19. Overhead Bridge Cranes
20. Monorails and Underhung Crane Stops
21. Guyline Anchor Systems
22. Wind and Weather
23. Maintenance and Renovation
24. Personnel Requirements
25. General Hazard Prevention Procedures
Glossary of Definitions
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