•Addressing serious injuries and fatalities: For decades, safety has emphasized achieving
low incident rates without recognizing severity potential. Several chapters challenge this focus
with the concept that reducing incident frequency does not ensure prevention of serious injuries
•Risk assessments: Every safety practitioner should understand that performing risk assessments
is a proven method for identifying potential problems. Hazard identifi cation and analyses
and risk assessments are at the core of prevention through design.
•Prevention through design: The most effective, economical way to address hazards and
risk is doing so early in the design process and taking action to reduce risks to an acceptable level.
•Acceptable risk: The practice of safety requires embracing the concept of acceptable risk as a goal.
•Occupational safety and health management systems: Employers should have processes
in place for continual improvement to identify and evaluate hazards; identify and improve system
defi ciencies; and eliminate, reduce or control risks to an acceptable level.
Author: Fred Manuele
Publisher: American Society of Safety Professionals
About the Author
Fred A. Manuele, P.E., CSP, is president of Hazards Limited, the company he formed after retiring
from Marsh & McLennan where he was a managing director and manager of M&M Protection Consultants.
His experience in the practice of safety spans more than a few decades. Manuele’s books, On
the Practice of Safety and Advanced Safety Management: Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention, have been
adopted by several professors for undergraduate and graduate safety degree programs. Manuele was
awarded the honor of Fellow by the American Society of Safety Professionals (ASSP) and was given the
Distinguished Service to Safety Award by National Safety Council (NSC). He is a former board member
of ASSP, NSC and Board of Certifi ed Safety Professionals (BCSP), which he also served as president.
In 2013, Manuele was given a Lifetime Achievement Award by BCSP. In 2015, University of Central
Missouri presented him with its Distinguished Service Award. In 2016, he received the President’s Award
from ASSP “for dedication in advancing the practice of safety.”
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Principles for the Practice of Safety: A Basis for Discussion
Chapter 2: Severe Injury Potential: Addressing an Often-Overlooked Safety Management Element
Chapter 3: Is a Major Accident About to Occur in Your Operations? Lessons to Learn From the Space Shuttle Columbia Explosion
Chapter 4: Risk Assessment and Hierarchies of Control: Their Growing Importance to the SH&E Profession
Chapter 5: The Challenge of Preventing Serious Injuries: A Proposal for SH&E Professionals
Chapter 6: Prevention Through Design: Addressing Occupational Risks in the Design and Redesign Processes
Chapter 7: Serious Injuries and Fatalities: A Call for a New Focus on Their Prevention
Chapter 8: Acceptable Risk: Time for SH&E Professionals to Adopt the Concept
Chapter 9: Accident Costs: Rethinking Ratios of Indirect to Direct Costs
Chapter 10: Reviewing Heinrich: Dislodging Two Myths From the Practice of Safety
Chapter 11: Management of Change: Examples From Practice
Chapter 12: Preventing Serious Injuries and Fatalities: Time for a Sociotechnical Model for an Operational Risk
Chapter 13: ANSI/AIHA/ASSE Z10-2012: An Overview of the Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems Standard
Chapter 14: Incident Investigation: Our Methods Are Flawed
Chapter 15: Culture Change Agent: The Overarching Role of OSH Professionals
Chapter 16: Root-Causal Factors: Uncovering the Hows and Whys of Incidents
Chapter 17: Highly Unusual: CSB’s Comments Signal Long-Term Effects on the Practice of Safety
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